A retinal detachment occurs when the retina's sensory and pigment layers separate. It is a problem that occurs most frequently in the middle-aged and elderly.
Rhegmatogenous RD :
This is the most common type & occurs when there is a break in the sensory layer of the retina. It is more common in myopes & in patients who have undergone eye surgeries.
Tractional RD :
Occurs when strands of vitreous or scar tissue create traction on the retina and more likely in diabetics.
Exudative RD :
Happens when fluid collects underneath the layers of the retina, causing it to separate from the back wall of the eye. This type usually occurs in conjunction with another disease.
Signs and Symptoms
Detection and Diagnosis
The doctor makes the diagnosis of a retinal detachment after thoroughly examining the retina with ophthalmoscopy / ultrasonography. The retinal surgeon's first concern is to determine whether the macula (the center of the retina) is attached.
How successful is surgery to repair a retinal detachment?
Most of the time, surgery succeeds in reattaching the retina. Vision after surgery will depend on which part of the retina was detached and how the eye heals after surgery.
What you can do…Notify your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
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